Turbo Persian Clover
Turbo produces more feed during autumn and winter than traditional Persian clovers, and will continue well into spring under Australian conditions.
- Tall erect mature growth for easy manageability
- Rapid autumn and winter seedling vigour for better establishment
- High growth rates and production in all seasons, particularly in late autumn/winter
- Developed for flexibility in grazing and multi-cut production
- Suitable for silage, hay and grazing
- Balanced companion legume with annual and short term grasses
- Good frost tolerance
- High tolerance to diseases, particularly rust
- Excellent quality forage of high nutritive value
Seed agronomy table
|High Rainfall / Irrigation||10-15|
Enterprises for this SeedSheep
Hay & Silage
- High nutritive value.
- Extremely high production potential.
- Multi cut forage crop.
- Tolerant of seasonal flooding.
- Some tolerance of salinity.
- Free of oestrogen risks.
- Poor regeneration.
- Plant description.
Plant: Erect, annual. Up to 750 mm height.
Stems: Up to 35 mm diameter, hollow, soft.
Leaves: trifoliate, up to 25 mm long, plain, strongly veined, oval-shaped leaflets with serrated margins.
Flowers: pink-violet flowers. Many-flowered cluster and mature in axillary, white, spherical, woolly seed heads to 15 mm diameter on long stalks.
Pods: membranous, dehiscing at thickened sutures; one seeded.
Seeds: ~1 mm long, ovoid, various colours (brown, olive, purple); ~1.5 million/kg.
Pasture type and use
A winter-growing, annual capable of excellent winter and spring growth. Suited to seasonal irrigation. A valuable fodder crop.
Where it grows
Rainfall: > 500 mm in winter/spring rainfall zone for dryland use. Also used with irrigation. Tolerates water with up to 1500 S/cm on low salinity soils with adequate drainage.
Soils: Suited to clay soils, pH 5.5-8.5 (CaCl2). Tolerant of severe waterlogging and mildly saline soil.
Temperature: Good heat tolerance. Quite tolerant of frost and cold but slow growing at low temperatures.
Companion species: Grasses: Italian ryegrass.
Legumes: Balansa clover, arrowleaf clover.
Sowing/planting rates as single species: 5-15 kg/ha; broadcast onto a finely worked, weed free seed bed and cover lightly by a roller or drill seed at 5 mm depth into a clean, finely worked seed bed. High seed rate boosts winter yield and reduces weed invasion. * ensure seed is Goldstrike treated.
Sowing/planting rates in mixtures: 3-7 kg/ha. * ensure seed is Goldstrike treated.
Sowing time: February (if irrigating) to April.
Inoculation: GoldstrikeTreated. The use of Goldstrike XLR8 is recommended to reduce damage from insects at seedling stages.
Fertiliser: Apply ~20-30 kg P/ha annually and correct any nutrient deficiencies, especially K, Mo, Cu, S.
Maintenance fertiliser: For optimum growth Olsen soil P (0-10 cm depth) > 15.
Grazing/cutting: Suited to winter grazing. Set residues at 2-3 cm (winter) and 4-5 cm (spring) to avoid over grazing. Rotationally graze during the cool season when 15-20 cm tall; this stimulates tillering. If sown with grass must graze late winter/early spring to allow clover to contribute later. Suited to hay/silage production; most valuable aftermath. Stems are nutritious but slow to dry; use conditioner to speed up drying. Fast regrowth facilitates second cut; remove bales promptly,hay quite susceptible to rain damage.
Ability to spread: Poor recruitment; most cultivars produce little hard seed.
Weed potential: Low. Seed very susceptible to sprouting in the head and to false breaks.
Major pests: Red legged earth mite and lucerne flea need to be identified and controlled rapidly during establishment.
Major diseases: Some cultivars susceptible to leaf and stem rust (Uromyces trifolii-repentis) and clover rot (Sclerotinia trifoliorum). Herbicide susceptibility: Glyphosate. Damaged by many broad-leaf herbicides.
Feeding value: High (high soluble carbohydrate, high protein content & low NDF content). Retains excellent feeding value as dry standing hay during dry weather.
Production potential: Good winter, spring, summer.
Livestock disorders/toxicity: Low isoflavone content - no risk to breeding livestock. Low risk of bloat. Can be associated with photo-sensitization.